unexplained mysteries

Top 10 Unexplained Enigmas in the World

Some things on our planet can't be explained just yet.

by Iva Rizova

Top 10 of the most famous unexplained enigmas in the world – some things on our planet are just hard to explain.

Planet Earth hides many secrets. Phenomena and objects appear or disappear in a way inexplicable to science. Many of the mysteries of history have not yet been revealed. For example, how were some of the impressive architectural monuments constructed, given that people did not have the technical capabilities of the 21st century?

We have put together a top 10 of the unexplained mysteries that amaze scientists so much that they suggest the possibility of alien interference.

Voynich Manuscript

Voynich Manuscript

According to carbon analysis, this mysterious and unreadable book dates back to the first half of the 15th century. In 1912 it was discovered by an antique bookseller and named after him. The manuscript has been studied by hundreds of cryptographers, especially around the Second World War. Still, to date, it’s unexplained and no one has been able to read it. This makes the book one of the biggest mysteries. In addition to containing text in an unknown language, there are also illustrations of unknown plants and star charts. Some researchers suggest that the manuscript describes the methodology of philosophical stone production. Whether the book contains knowledge unknown to us, we will probably not know soon.

Bermuda Triangle

Bermuda Triangle

The Bermuda Triangle is a geographical area with Florida, Bermuda, and Puerto Rico intersections. The area became famous in 1950 after a Miami Herald Associated Press publication. The reason for writing the article is the disappearance of a 56-meter cargo ship. The author Edward Jones provides a chronology of other similar strange cases. Many scientists are trying to explain the mystical accidents, but their attempts have failed so far. As a result, many theories have emerged. Some researchers believe that the reason is the unusual climatic phenomena in the region. Others say that there are uranium or methane deposits under the ocean floor and that paranormal firs are involved.



The construction of the world’s most famous megalithic monument began in 3000 BC. The biggest unexplained mystery is why and how the stones were transported to Salisbury, as there is no stone quarry nearby. It is believed that the origin of the rocks is from a quarry located 200 km away. It is not clear precisely what the purpose of Stonehenge is. Scientists suggest that it is a sanctuary, probably dedicated to the sun, because the stones are oriented in the direction of sunrise so that it is possible to determine when there is a solstice. For the same reason, Stonehenge is considered some kind of calendar.



Atlantis was first mentioned in the philosophical works of Plato in 355 BC – ‘Timaeus’ and ‘Critius’. Since then, for more than 2,000 years, scientists in various fields have been trying to find out more about the legendary island and its overdeveloped civilization, but there is no evidence that it even existed. According to Plato, Atlantis was a powerful city-state with immeasurable wealth, whose civilization was destroyed in just one night by an unprecedented natural disaster 9000 years before the philosopher was born. There are many theories about the location of the lost island. The most common is somewhere in the Atlantic Ocean, probably in the area around the Canary Islands, in the Mediterranean, or in the Black Sea.

Egyptian pyramids

Atlantis unexplained

Giza’s group of archeological monuments includes the pyramids of the pharaohs Cheops, Chephren, and Mycerinus and several smaller pyramids near them. After 2600 BC, many pyramids were built, which are an expression of the Egyptians’ reverence for the gods and the power of the pharaohs. The Egyptian pyramids are the only ones preserved of the seven wonders of the ancient world. The extraction of the rock blocks, their transportation, and the pyramids’ construction are the subject of discussions in the scientific community. Tens of thousands of workers were involved in the construction, most of whom were slaves. It has been proven that the civilization of ancient Egypt was highly developed. However, the construction of such megalithic monuments still requires profound mathematical knowledge and technological resources, which were not available at the time, which raises many questions.

Nazca Lines

Nazca Lines

These are ancient lines, probably created in the period from 200 BC to 600 AD by the tribes known as the Nazca. Due to the dry climate and the lack of winds, they have survived to this day. The lines were discovered in 1926 and were initially considered an irrigation facility. Subsequently, it was noticed that these are not just lines but drawings of animals with a total area of ​​500 square kilometers. This arouses the curiosity of scientists because the figures can only be seen from a bird’s eye view. At that time, aircraft did not exist, and it was difficult to imagine how they could draw them without someone navigating them from the air. And, of course, the theory of alien intervention is becoming extremely relevant.

Easter Island

Easter Island unexplained

Easter Island is full of unexplained mysteries. It was discovered on Easter in 1722 by the Dutch traveler Jakob Rogeven. It is best known for the approximately 900 stone statues depicting human figures of various heights (from 1 to 11 meters). And here, the main questions are when, how, and why the statues were erected. A stone quarry with unfinished figures was discovered on the island, which indicates that work on them was abruptly stopped. In addition, the island has the roundest stone, called the ‘Navel of the World’, uniting the energy lines of the Earth, and the caves below the island are so large that you can wander through them for months.

Great Sphinx of Giza

Sphinx unexplained

The colossal statue is located in Giza and was built around 2500 BC. It symbolizes the Egyptian pharaoh as the incarnation of the sun god. This is the reason it is facing east. It has the human head and body of a lion, and its purpose is to keep the peace of the pharaohs buried in the pyramids. As with the pyramids, it is not clear how the ancient Egyptians managed to build them – it’s unexplained. According to the latest research, the Sphinx was built by order of Pharaoh Jedafra in honor of his father – Cheops. Although many statues of sphinxes have been erected, the most famous remains the one in Giza.

Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu

The lost Inca city was built in the first half of the 15th century as the mountain residence of the Inca ruler, Pachacuti. The architectural complex is located 2430 meters above sea level. The city functioned until 1532, after which its inhabitants mysteriously disappeared. Historians attribute this to the invasion of the Spanish conquistadors and the conquest of Peru. However, Machu Picchu remained hidden from the Spanish colonizers and was discovered in 1911. The city was primarily built of stone and had many staircases, fountains, canals, and a drainage system carved into the rocks. Scientists are trying to find an answer to the question of how they managed to transport the stones at such an altitude and, contrary to gravity, to take the waters of the Urubamba River to the city. We will hardly find out soon, given that the Incas did not have a written language. It’s still unexplained.

Maya civilization


The Mayan civilization originated around 750 BC. They were the first people in America to build cities out of stone without the use of metal tools and livestock. They had knowledge that is difficult for us to explain where they came from. For example, their calendar is quite accurate for its time. And do you remember the prediction that the world’s end would come on December 20, 2012? Yes, that is precisely what we are talking about. Towards the end of the first millennium AD, their civilization suddenly declined. The mysterious collapse is still unsolved by scientists, as there were no signs of it. They hope to find the answer to understand what threatens modern societies.

The planet Earth and history hide so many secrets that it is impossible to unravel them all. As technology advances, more questions seem to pop up, and there are fewer and fewer solved mysteries.

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